Sample Deposition Summaries From Page-Line to Narrative Formats

Sample deposition summary tips for law firms managing multiple cases. Discover the best formats to save time and enhance trial preparation.

 min. read
July 2, 2024
Sample Deposition Summaries From Page-Line to Narrative Formats

When you're a mid-size law firm managing a high volume cases, what separates a winning legal strategy from a losing one? It's often the ability to quickly and accurately get your head around the facts of your case. Deposition summaries are a key piece of that puzzle. While any deposition summary is undoubtedly helpful—choosing the right approach—can elevate a case from good to great. 

Picture this: you're facing a deadline in a medical malpractice case and need to pinpoint discrepancies in the defendant's testimony about specific treatment dates. Sifting through stacks of page line summaries would be incredibly time-consuming. However, a well-structured topical summary, organized by key medical events, would instantly surface those inconsistencies, saving valuable time and potentially making the difference in your client's favor. In this article, we'll explore various deposition summary formats, empowering you to select the best option for each unique legal battle.

Understanding and Choosing the Right Deposition Summary Formats

While legal professionals are well-acquainted with deposition summaries, the task of choosing the optimal format for a given case often requires careful consideration. Each format offers a unique lens through which to analyze and utilize deposition testimonies, and understanding these nuances can significantly impact case management, particularly for attorneys engaged in intricate trial preparation. 

To illustrate the differences between each format, let's consider the following excerpt from a deposition:

Deposition Excerpt:

Q: Can you describe the events that took place on the evening of March 12th, 2024?

A: Yes. I was driving home from work around 6:30 PM when I noticed a car swerving in and out of lanes behind me. As I approached the intersection of 5th and Main, the car collided with my rear bumper, causing me to swerve and hit the median. I immediately pulled over and called the police. The driver of the other car appeared to be intoxicated and was slurring his words when he approached me.

Q: Did you sustain any injuries from the accident?

A: I had a mild concussion and some whiplash. I saw a doctor the next day and was advised to rest for a week.

Q: Was there any damage to your vehicle?

A: Yes, the rear bumper was heavily damaged and there were scratches along the side where I hit the median.

Ok, let's get you up to speed on the things to consider when selecting the most effective deposition summary format for your needs.

Narrative Summaries

Narrative summaries help us get the story of what happened by weaving together the facts and testimonies into a cohesive and easily digestible account. Their power lies in their ability to transform cold, factual accounts into a compelling narrative, appealing to our innate human tendency to connect with stories. This is particularly valuable during the initial stages of trial preparation, where understanding the overarching narrative is crucial for developing a winning strategy.

Here's how our deposition excerpt would be transformed into a narrative summary:

Narrative Summary:

On March 12th, 2024, around 6:30 PM, the deponent's car was hit by another vehicle at the intersection of 5th and Main. The other driver appeared intoxicated. The deponent sustained a mild concussion and whiplash, requiring a week's rest. The rear bumper of the deponent's car was heavily damaged.

By distilling complex legal matters into a clear and concise story, narrative summaries allow attorneys to quickly grasp the essence of a deposition without getting bogged down by minute details. This is especially beneficial in cases involving multiple depositions, where time is of the essence. However, it's crucial to ensure accuracy and consistency when creating narrative summaries. Condensing information always carries the risk of inadvertently omitting crucial details or misrepresenting the context of a statement. To mitigate this, legal teams must prioritize clear and objective writing, avoiding any interpretations or assumptions that could compromise the integrity of the summary.

Page Line Summaries

While narrative summaries excel at painting the broad strokes picture of a deposition, page line summaries provide the essential function of direct mapping back to the source material. This direct link to the original source is invaluable during legal research and trial preparation. Attorneys can quickly locate and verify specific testimony, ensuring the accuracy of their arguments and concise summaries. This is particularly crucial when dealing with complex litigation involving extensive documentation, as it allows for easy cross-referencing with other case materials and exhibits.

Here's how our deposition excerpt would be structured as a page line summary, assuming the excerpt came from pages 12 and 13 of a transcript:

Page Line Summary:

Page 12, Line 3-10: Deponent describes driving home from work around 6:30 PM on March 12th, 2024, noticing a swerving car behind them.

Page 12, Line 11-16: The swerving car hit the rear bumper of the deponent’s car at the intersection of 5th and Main, causing the deponent to hit the median. The deponent called the police, and the other driver appeared intoxicated.

Page 13, Line 4-7: Deponent sustained a mild concussion and whiplash, requiring a week's rest as advised by a doctor.

Page 13, Line 15-17: The rear bumper of the deponent’s car was heavily damaged, with additional scratches from hitting the median.

Topical Summaries

In cases overflowing with information, topical summaries emerge as the ultimate organizers. Instead of a chronological approach, this format clusters deposition testimony into distinct topics or themes relevant to the litigation. This allows legal teams to quickly home in on specific aspects of a case without having to wade through pages of unrelated information. For attorneys handling multi-faceted cases with a high volume of deposition testimony, topical summaries can be game-changers.

Let's reimagine our deposition excerpt as a topical summary, grouping the information into relevant categories:

Topical Summary:

Accident Description:

  • Deponent was driving home at 6:30 PM on March 12th, 2024.
  • Noticed a car swerving in and out of lanes.
  • Car hit the deponent’s rear bumper at the intersection of 5th and Main, causing deponent to hit the median.
  • Deponent called the police; the other driver appeared intoxicated.


  • Deponent suffered a mild concussion and whiplash.
  • Advised by a doctor to rest for a week.

Vehicle Damage:

  • Rear bumper was heavily damaged.
  • Additional scratches from hitting the median.

By categorizing information in this manner, topical summaries make it exceedingly easy to analyze, compare, and contrast different aspects of a deposition. For example, an attorney could quickly compare the deponent's testimony about the accident with the defendant's account, highlighting any inconsistencies or contradictions. This targeted approach streamlines legal service preparation, allowing attorneys to focus their arguments on the most relevant facts of the case.

Question and Answer (Q&A) Summaries

When your legal team needs to understand not just what was said but why it was said, Q&A summaries are an invaluable tool. As the name suggests, this format presents the deposition in a simple question-and-answer structure, directly mirroring the flow of the original transcript. This faithful preservation of the original Q&A dynamic allows attorneys to analyze the witness testimony within the context of the questioning, revealing potential insights that might be lost in other summary formats.

Here's how our deposition excerpt would look in a Q&A summary format:

Q&A Summary:

Q: Can you describe the events that took place on the evening of March 12th, 2024?

A: Driving home at 6:30 PM. Noticed swerving car behind. Hit rear bumper at 5th and Main; hit median. Called police. Other driver appeared intoxicated.

Q: Did you sustain any injuries from the accident?

A: Mild concussion and whiplash. Advised to rest for a week by a doctor.

Q: Was there any damage to your vehicle?

A: Rear bumper heavily damaged. Scratches along the side from hitting the median.

By retaining the original flow of questions and answers, legal teams can gain a deeper understanding of how the questioning may have influenced the witness's responses. For example, a series of leading questions from opposing counsel might elicit different information than open-ended inquiries. This context is essential for crafting effective lines of questioning during cross-examination or identifying inconsistencies in deposition testimony.

The AI Advantage for Matching Deposition Summaries to Case Strategy

As you've read about these various deposition summary types, you might be thinking: 'Who has the time or budget to create multiple formats?' If we’re talking about traditional options of manual deposition review or outsourcing summaries, the fact is that for most cases handled by small to midsize law firms it wasn’t a realistic option. But, now we live in the era of artificial intelligence. And it’s hard to overstate how AI has transformed the use of deposition summaries by enabling the efficient creation of multiple formats simultaneously. This approach offers legal teams unprecedented flexibility and insight— all for less than a single billable hour of their time.

AI-powered tools can now generate narrative, page line, topical, and Q&A summaries from a single deposition, each providing a unique perspective on the testimony. This multi-format approach offers several benefits:

  • Comprehensive Analysis - Multiple formats reveal insights that might be missed with a single summary type.
  • Adaptability - Formats can be easily prioritized as case strategies evolve.
  • Team Efficiency - Each team member can use the format best suited to their role.
  • Focus on High-Value Work - AI handles time-consuming summary creation, freeing attorneys for strategic tasks.
  • Improved Decision-Making - Multiple perspectives enable more informed strategy choices.

By leveraging these AI-generated summaries, legal teams can build stronger case strategies more quickly. Attorneys can now dedicate more time to applying their expertise and creativity to complex legal challenges.

Tools that offer this multi-format capability, such as Casemark’s deposition summary services, are helping law firms optimize their resources and deliver better results for clients. In a competitive legal market, the effective use of AI in deposition analysis could be a key differentiator for successful firms.